'Red mansion' to the Dutch way – the only wooden building the foundation of the city of St. Petersburg, has come down to our days. This unique monument, which became the first St. Petersburg residence of Peter I, was built in the shortest possible time from 24 to 26 May 1703. For two days the soldiers Semenov regiment managed to cut and stesat pine logs, paint them from the outside under a brick, and sheathe the inside of the leaf, the Dutch style. Tsarist residence there is a small size (room and dining room, hall and bedroom separated), itself the interior has been very modest. Walls and ceilings were covered with coarse rooms with white linen. Despite his height, I loved Peter small size of rooms and doorways, so 'red mansions' is not nothing different from the conventional wooden structures.
Ceiling height was 2.5 meters, and the door was even lower. This temporary residence of Peter I visited not often, only during the period under construction Petersburg from 1703 to 1708 and only in summer. Since the house was no stove and chimney. Petersburg climate is detrimental to the destruction of the first act of the palace in St. Petersburg. Peter I, who already in 1723 published decree – to protect the palace. Cottage sheathe gallery, completely. After 120 years, in 1844, designed by architect R.
Kuzmin, Palace of Peter I covered brick holster. And only in the late 19 th century, small square before the royal palace was decorated with bronze bust of Peter I, the sculptor Zabello. Since 1930, in the house of Peter I there are historical and memorial museum. Since the beginning of World War II, the museum's exhibits were removed and safely tucked away within St. Petersburg. Himself house was shelled by artillery shells, but soon in early 1945 had already been restored and opened to visitors. Today, the museum exhibit is complete, objects of everyday life of Peter's time, as well as personal belongings of Peter I and his close associates. It is worth the time of Peter the Dutch oven, lined with hand-painted ceramic tiles, as well as Peter's interior. Rooms are decorated with the house of Peter I prints, small paintings of the product unknown Dutch masters, as well as decorative items and crafts. In the museum there is a boat-vereyka made, according to legend, by Peter I. It also exhibited documents describing the events of the North War and the basis of St. Petersburg, as well as the construction and history of the house of Peter. One of the main exhibits of the museum is a plaster handprint of the founder of St. Petersburg.