There are several types of containers. In capacity are the most common containers are designed for 3 and 5 tons. Most frequently used containers 20 or 40 feet in length (respectively 6 and 12 meters). In this case, there are different versions, adapted for the carriage of goods that do not fit into standard sizes. Such containers can have different height, or even be an open-top, which when transportation rose from the canvas tent.
Such containers are used for transportation of bulky cargo. For transportation of liquid cargoes, there are so-called tankteynery, in which the frame of conventional container enclosed tank. For the transport of perishable cargo containers used refy. Widespread use of containers due primarily to concern about the safety and security of cargo. Rugged metal housing the possibility of system hardware and locks, as well as the use of fillings – all this makes the container very reliable equipment for cargo, which is comparable in these parameters with trailers or railway cars. In already distant 1984 in the ussr were developed and put into operation a special railway platforms, conveyors. The novelty of the technical solution was that the use of such platforms allow have the containers in two tiers.
This was achieved through special grooves on the size of containers in the platform design. Thus, by reducing the ground clearance, it is possible to place second tier. It should be noted that in European countries such a way to position the goods are not caught on because of restrictions on height for trains. For the carriage of goods in containers by road using special container equipped with a platform in the form of a semi-trailer. With respect to carriage of goods by sea, there are also used by specially equipped vessels, allowing transport to several hundreds and even thousands of containers simultaneously. Designs for fixation of such containers on ships allow you to place containers at 7 storeys in height. It should be noted that no matter what means of transport were not involved in the intermodal system of transportation, based on the successful operation of this system is information support of the transportation process. Indeed, in addition to direct cargo to be efficiently move and information accompanying him. That at any point where the cargo could say exactly what the cargo belongs to whom, where and where directed. In addition, common information space is prerequisite for successful planning route of delivery. Some kind of problem in this area is that the world is not a um logistics and transport data, no single standard. Modern international practice trucking shows that the degree of information equipment, level of modern technologies for data exchange and control over the location of the cargo en route delivery, the most direct impact on the degree of competitiveness of the company engaged in cargo delivery.