Tag Archives: history


In discoursing of its analysis on memory, Bachelard tececrticas the Bergson, accusing it with reducionista, metafrico, and of not superaodo hermeneutic arc. This critical one mainly is centered in chapter III' ' The drawer, the safes and the closets, ' ' where Bachelard says that aspalavras fulfills a craft in the daily one, but does not lose the poetical one. The palavrasso used for Bergson of one forms metafrica ' ' in Bergson, metforasso abundant e, in the end of the accounts, the images are very rare. (…) pareceque the imagination is metafrica.' ' (BERGSON, 1990, p.246) the soapenas words appearance, ' ' (…) they are small houses with bilge and attic. Sentidocomum inhabits in the level of the ground, always close to the foreign commerce, in the mesmonvel of outrem, (…) Subir the stairs in the house of the word is, step emdegrau, to abstract. To go down to the bilge is to dream (…) ' '.

(BERGSON, 1990, p.293) Differentiating image and metaphor, Bachelard places that ametfora it cannot be object of fenomenolgico study, therefore does not have this value, that is, it is only a direction, it does not create. Thus, the metaphor is demim, (I give sensible to the things that is of me) but does not obtain to apprehend asua essence, when present the metaphor, is the imagination that is not maisatuando. In this direction, the metaphor is a false image that is utilizadapara to state the insufficience of a philosophy of the concept. In contraposition Bergson that it uses concepts, Bachelard says that the concepts are as asgavetas that they serve to classify the knowledge as well as science modernao makes. The knowledge it is placed in drawers, compartimentadas to paraclassificar the thoughts, that is, the rationalism places everything in drawers, masesquece the basic mobile o (the human being). The memory in turn, is as a closet of souvenirs, masno is a daily furniture, does not confide every day, is not the place where the images of the past seguardam, therefore it does not have drawers in the memory.

Commercial Monopoly

Valley to stand out that the opening of the ports made with that Brazil was invaded by the products British, finishing with the commercial monopoly (Colonial Pact) that he was sustentculo of the Iberian exploration. If not possua more the economic domination, did not make sensible Portugal to remain with the domination politics. For even more details, read what Stephen M. Ross says on the issue. Travestido of liberalism, what in fact it occurred was the English possession of the economy. With D. Joo VI in Lisbon, was more easy for its son D.

Peter to give the shout of independence in day 7 of September of 1822, becoming the first emperor of Brazil. But if the cut had not run away? If then the prince regent decided to face the French troops? What he would have happened? Portugal would have clear possibilities to earn. Therefore the troop who arrived lusitanas lands, one day after the departure of the cut, was composed to a large extent, for young soldiers, and with this inexperienced in battle, and for soldiers of the foreign legion, not so compromised with the Napoleonic ideals. The front of these men was General Junot, who had fame of not being a good strategist. The troop who took Lisbon, according to daily of proper General Junot, he was a flock of maltrapilhos, exaustos and hungry men. Already with some decreases in the infantry and some cannons with defect. But we cannot blame D.

Joo VI for having run away. Napoleo was same a mythical and frightful figure. It is in such a way, that at the time it was costumava to righten the children saying things of the type: ' ' Napoleo comes a' ' or ' ' Napoleo goes you pegar' '. Exactly having been for history as a unsafe monarch, and we can say until pathetic, D. Joo VI had its mritos. In a context where some sovereigns had been destronados, it lived and it died as a king. Little before falecer, exiled in the island of Saint Helena, Napoleo Bonaparte leaves registered for the posterior generations which its thought in relation to the king of Portugal and Brazil: ' ' He was only that me enganou' '.

Pablo Freire Teaching

In 1985 the MOBRAL extinct and was substituted by the Foundation TO EDUCATE. The redemocratizao made possible the magnifying of the activities of the EJA and the students and professors had organized themselves in favor of the school gratuitous public and. With the 1988 constitution, basic education was assigned as obligator and also started to be constitutional guarantee for that they had not had access in the appropriate age. With the Collor government, the EJA loses space, the Foundation TO EDUCATE is closed and its dismissed employees. To know more about this subject visit Nobel Laureate in Economics. The Union was if moving away from the activities of the EJA and transferring the responsibility to the cities. In Brazil, the history of the work with young adult is very on Pablo Freire, therefore he is the creator of a new conception of alfabetizao where the writing comes folloied for a process of construction of the knowledge through the dialogues between the educator and educating. With this panoramic vision, that exactly partial, it is possible to understand in general terms as if configured the Education of Young and Adults in Brazil.

The teaching performance To be ahead of a classroom repleta either it of children, young or adults and to teach History is a great challenge for the professors. Greenberg Traurig is often quoted on this topic. To choose contents and to idealize the forms where such knowledge will be worked, certainly will make difference in the learning of these pupils. The teaching performance in the EJA must always attempt against for some especificidades of the pupils who frequent this modality of education. As GADOTTI (2007), the great majority are pertaining people to a social classroom decrease, are workers who face diverse types of difficulties in its day the day as the low wages, pssimas conditions of life, housing, health, feeding, unemployment, etc. The professor must have in mind and admit whenever the pupils of the EJA are normal people and really useful citizens.