Tag Archives: materials

Russian Federation State Construction

Facade cladding panels FsK Klinker constructively combine the two main compositional elements: the base and heater. As the cladding material, which is the foundation panel, with the use clinker tiles manufactured at the plant Ammonit Keramik (Germany) on the basis of certain types of clays that undergo a special cleaning cycle and heat treatment. Insulation also serves as no similar for thermal and sound insulation properties of polyurethane foam – a synthetic material, which features many times greater than such popular types of building insulation, as mineral wool or polystyrene. Application as a heater Foam possible to achieve excellent performance insulation: thermal front thermopanels is only 0.025 Vt/m2_S. For the production of facing facade thermopanels applied polyurethane foam a special composition that best meets the requirements for this type of building material, including the requirements for the level of fire safety: front thermopanels FsK Klinker have a flammability class G-1. In facade thermopanels FsK Klinker is possible to use ceramic tiles of several varieties: smooth, “under a brick” texture “under a brick,” with simulated masonry “under a stone, glazed tiles,” under a brick, “etc. All produced by the panels have the same standard size 1130h645h80 mm.

The magnitude of the maximum tolerance for the difference in the size of the panel does not exceed 2 mm. The weight of each thermopanels FsK Klinker is only 17 kg, but because facade is not requires a mix of work on strengthening the foundation by building a thermopanels an additional reason. Needless to say, that due to this is a substantial savings? Facing the Facade thermopanels mounted directly to the outer surface of the wall, using a special mounting screws, dowels or “screws”, and then made grouting. Invaluable useful performance characteristics, which is endowed with front system is a peculiar ability to “breathe”, ie be permeable for gaseous substances (including ambient air and atmospheric water vapor). At the same time, it is moisture in the liquid state (rain and melted snow water, condensate, etc.). The presence of this property causes a multiple increase in the duration of operation of the building.

The time required for the installation of facades from thermopanels, significantly reduced by applying the method of interfacing of the “groove-ridge”, which eliminates the need for additional gluing tiles and enhances the bond strength of decorative clay base and foam insulation. The entire perimeter of the panel is the same grip, its value is estimated at more than 0.3 MPa. Another remarkable feature of the facade cladding thermopanels FsK Klinker – their absolute neutral in the ecological sense. Both the clinker, and polyurethane foam is chemically and biologically neutral: they do not emit into the atmosphere of any harmful substances was not moldy, do not rot, do not contain nutritional basis for the fungi and microbes, not charged with static electricity and have the expense of all this increased durability and resistance to aging. Besides facing facade thermopanels FsK Klinker is a diffusion-open stuff, so can be used on any kind of reason without the necessary facilities for the vents on the back side.

Floor Alignment

How to align the floor? The basic method of leveling the floor with plywood – alignment on the sleepers. Before you begin, you must: complete all the rest of the walls and ceiling, disconnected from the premises; dry all the wood elements, clean all the garbage, to create the optimum climate conditions (> 8 degrees Celsius and the first thing we should do – fit the plywood under the premises. What are the pitfalls are, at this stage? "When you spread out sheets of plywood, pre raskroennye into squares, it is important not to forget free to leave 10 mm between the sheets of plywood and 15-20 mm at the wall (the sheets should fit snugly against the wall). It is also important not to allow the joint four stitches in one location and number the resulting lists. After that we proceed to saw cut the plywood. There are three important things: sawing must first across the grain, then along; better to reduce the size of the squares to about 60 cm (which has a positive impact on the ventilation rate, which determines life); check the status after the end of the cut – there are no bundles. You can then proceed to install lag (supporting wooden planks).

Once you have measured the level of equality with the "water level", should start installing themselves lags. The distance between them should be about 0.5 meters, and they must be laid across the light beams, or along the space (if it is a corridor). Uneven surfaces can be aligned with the bosses, scraps linoleum, and then fasten them with anchors (tentatively, of course, once convinced of the flatness of the resulting design). Then make additional hardwood floors, turning the floor into a kind of wooden lattice, which then trail plywood sheets. Impregnated plywood sheets should not touch each other. They are attached with screws to a wooden lattice, every 50-100 cm flat floor – Proud. Of course, to align the floor at his home by force is not for everybody, but nothing difficult in technical terms there. In addition, you can now intelligently monitor the work of your job, if you still decide that it would be more wisely – to attract professionals. Remember, flat surface – this is important, because with him you will live a long time.


Dark, red or gray granite – a more suitable option, but protection from dirt will not hurt him as well. Marble countertops give your kitchen a truly luxurious appearance, but they are good only if most of the time you intend to eat intermediates. Regular homemade food related all with the same acidic foods, prolonged exposure to destroy the marble. However, there are protective compounds for the stone in the kitchen, however, they must apply regularly. The most suitable option for the same again becomes granite countertops: beautiful, reliable, safe and minimum maintenance. Sills are usually decorative, and therefore less exposed to chemical pollution. That's only when watering and fertilizing indoor plants do not forget to immediately wipe spilled water.

But once the window sill so easy, choose whichever you finishing stone, Guided only by his taste and physical facilities. KomnatyPrirodny stone in the room – it's portals for fireplaces, balusters and banisters in multi-storey cottages, coffee tables and all sorts of decorations. Since they are only a small mechanical stress, make them from almost all kinds of natural stone. Statuettes and vases of marble or onyx give the accommodation and sophistication closer to the classical style interior. Caring for them is incredibly simple – to periodically wipe the dust from articles with a dry soft cloth. The floors in the rooms can be smooth, they look especially good in the spacious halls.

Since all the dirt from the street along with the shoes still in the corridor for recreational facilities can afford to light the marble floor. Well, like, and everything: nothing complex here. It seems that we have considered all the interior details made from natural stone. However, starting on the journey home, we almost forgot that fall into the hallway from the porch. modern fashion, the owners of private homes or cottages are increasingly being used to process input natural stone. In some years he served, others regret the decision. As a rule, the latest victims of a wrong choice of stone or improper installation. What you should know about the materials for lining porch? Firstly, the fact that marble for these purposes is not appropriate. Autumn rainfall and humidity are replaced by winter frosts, and the water freezes in the pores of the stone, gradually destroying it. And in the spring and summer, spoiling the look of marble, small stones, metallic heels and heels of shoes. Granite is more resistant and makes the whims of weather and mechanical effects, but for the steps necessary to choose relief tiles: Polished in the cold turns into a skating rink, and rolled in over ice sand just scratch the smooth surface. Knowing now all these subtleties, you can easily choose natural stone for interior of your house or apartment. And if you have doubts about the correctness of some ideas for interior design, contact the manufacturer of products from natural stone. They will give more complete information, advise the means by which to protect and care is better to use, as well as competently perform all work on facing rooms. Article courtesy of "CAM"

Build Renovate

As mentioned above, there are many kinds and types of plugs and anchors. Let us dwell on the most popular of them. Nylon expansion plugs – record for the popularity of the application. It is used for many types surfaces. The principle of his device is extremely simple. Nylon tube having a longitudinal incision, and the screw or bolt – that's the whole design. Drill holes, dowel is inserted into it, and bursting with self-tapping vkruchennym.

Often, these anchors have extra foot for the clutch during the initial tightening screw. The fact is that sometimes, especially when drilling the walls with old loose plaster, hole gets a bit more than you need for the dowels. In these cases, additional legs do not give the dowels rotate together with screws and prevent from falling out of the hole. Nail anchors got its name thanks to the principle of installation – screw or screw supplied with it, does not require twisting, it simply plugs into the body of slaughtered like a nail. In this case, unscrew all the same it is possible. Nylon dowel-type "butterfly" is used for hollow surfaces for example, drywall construction. It has two lobes, which are attractable screws, disclosed within the cavity, thereby achieving a lasting bond with the wall or ceiling. Sometimes you can pull a plug with only around a piece of drywall.

Anchor wrought metal dowels are created and used in hollow walls, for example, block. The basic principle of operation is as follows. Through the body wall plug is screw threaded, nut which is rigidly soldered, welded or riveted to the ground. Housing dowel is a longitudinal section of a circle. Plug is inserted into the wall, and the rotation of the screw forces the body into shape, body expanded, forming something like the petals, which are being opened within the cavity, creating a reliable bond with the wall. Dowel with a spring-loaded folding emphasis is very sturdy and easy to use – before his laying in the hole, his legs folded, and after falling into a cavity in the wall, they are under the influence of springs open. Here are the basic types of anchors, the most frequently used in the repair and construction.