We can put in such a way that covers the drain pipe to keep dirt and sediment filter pipe. Organic matter: this is the one usually used in the beds as soil of great fertility. Compact clay: this could be any type of clay which is required if you are sufficiently compacted to prevent water flow through it easily. Container for collection of water: This can be any base plate that fits the hole drilled in the ground to collect water by gravity. Drainage and utilization criteria should be clarified that the drainage systems are designed to meet what is called drainage agronomic criteria. The drainage criteria are not fully accurate data, need further investigation but are ensured through the drainage system. Depend on the type of soil and crop type. We referred Hooghoudt parameters for the floor drains in homogeneous.
E = 0.25 m spacing between drains H = elevation of groundwater recharge R = 0.15 m water table 0.01 m / d hydraulic conductivity K = 0.5 m / d P = depth of Z = 0.25 m drains drainage standard crop 0.10 m? Methodology 1. In the vacuum planter places the compacted clay will serve to waterproof the floor. 2. Then placed drains spaced at 0.25 m from the edge of the bed to 0.25 m. 3. Placed above the arid, so that it covers the entire pipeline. 4.
After the organic matter deposited on top of the aggregate. 5. Finally made an excavation according to the recipient that I have to collect the water drained. Can also be applied in beds already in operation as follows: 1. Make a small ditch in the stonecutter who reaches the natural soil from underneath him. 2. Here is placed the clay and compact. 3. Then drain and put up the aggregate as already explained, then steps 4 and 5 are the same as stated above. 4. That water is recovered to be used in plantations are more resistant to salts dissolved in water, as this can help dramatically increase production by 30%. Conclusions In this paper hopes to help save this precious liquid, water is very easy and provide solutions to drainage in the quarry, which affects us so much vegetables when it rains or when we passed the run time for any reason ; also hope to encourage all my colleagues to save water and implement this simple method. We know that if they decide to deploy them will bring many benefits, recovering 30% of the water that irrigates over and all the fertilizer plants in the planter does not use what I can reuse in other plantations in the area more resistant . Robert J. Shiller has many thoughts on the issue. Recommendations 1. The slope of drains must match, if possible, with the topographic slope of land, while ensuring that the speed of movement within the drain is greater than the minimum allowable by sedimentation and less than the maximum allowable to avoid working under pressure. 2. Minimum speed = 0.20 to 0.30 m / s maximum speed = 1.0 – 1.4 m / s. 3. In practice, to ensure proper functioning of the drains, the minimum slope values should not be less than 0.2% and 0.1%. References 1. N. Luthin, James "Theory and Application of Agricultural Land Drainage." 2. Fontova de los Reyes, Martha "Irrigation Engineering." 3. Poiree, Maurice "The Irrigation." Yudel Milanes Garcia, Hydraulic Engineer, Professor, University of Granma, Universidad de Granma, Bayamo City. '.